CD14 antibody | MIL2

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Mouse anti Pig CD14:FITC

Mouse anti Pig CD14

Product Type
Monoclonal Antibody
Clone
MIL2
Isotype
IgG2b
Product CodeApplicationsDatasheetMSDSPack SizeList PriceQuantity
MCA1218F F 0.1 mg
MCA1218GA C F IF 0.1 mg
Mouse anti Pig CD14, clone MIL2 recognizes porcine CD14. Clone MIL2 was clustered as porcine CD14 at the Third International Workshop on Swine Leukocyte Differentiation Antigens (Haverson et al. 2001) . Mouse anti Pig CD14, clone MIL2 immunoprecipitates a protein of ~50 kDa consistent with the expected apparent molecular weight of porcine CD14, and demonstrates the expected CD14 profile by dual labelling and competition studies. Further, pre-incubation of peripheral blood monocytes with MIL2 inhibits the binding of FITC labelled LPS, consistent with masking the CD14 LPS binding site (Thacker et al. 2001) .

Mouse anti pig CD14, clone MIL2 demonstrates staining of both monocytes and neutrophils in peripheral blood by flow cytometry with a similar expression pattern to the anti human CD14 clone TüK4, lymphocytes and eosinophils are negative for MIL2 staining (Zelnickova et al. 2007). Cloning and characterization of porcine CD14 indicates a high degree of both functional and structural conservation when compared to CD14 from other mammalian species, the gene maps to chromosome 2 and is expressed on a wide range of tissues in a manner consistent with expression on myeloid cells. (Petersen et al. 2007, Sanz et al. 2007).

Product Details

Target Species
Pig
Species Cross-Reactivity
Target SpeciesCross Reactivity
Human
N.B. Antibody reactivity and working conditions may vary between species.
Product Form
Purified IgG conjugated to Fluorescein Isothiocyanate Isomer 1 (FITC) - liquid
Product Form
Purified IgG - liquid
Preparation
Purified IgG prepared by affinity chromatography on Protein G from tissue culture supernatant
Preparation
Purified IgG prepared by affinity chromatography on Protein G from tissue culture supernatant
Buffer Solution
Phosphate buffered saline
Buffer Solution
Phosphate buffered saline
Preservative Stabilisers
0.09%Sodium Azide (NaN3)
1%Bovine Serum Albumin
Preservative Stabilisers
0.09% Sodium Azide (NaN3)
Carrier Free
Yes
Immunogen
Porcine peripheral blood lymphocytes.
Approx. Protein Concentrations
IgG concentration 0.1mg/ml.
Approx. Protein Concentrations
IgG concentration 1.0 mg/ml
Fusion Partners
Spleen cells from immunized Balb/c mice were fused with cells from the P2-X63-Ag.653 mouse myeloma.

Storage Information

Storage
Store at +4oC or at -20oC if preferred.
Storage in frost-free freezers is not recommended.
This product should be stored undiluted.
This product is photosensitive and should be protected from light.
Avoid repeated freezing and thawing as this may denature the antibody.
Should this product contain a precipitate we recommend microcentrifugation before use.
Storage
Store at +4oC or at -20oC if preferred.

This product should be stored undiluted.

Storage in frost-free freezers is not recommended. Avoid repeated freezing and thawing as this may denature the antibody. Should this product contain a precipitate we recommend microcentrifugation before use.
Shelf Life
18 months from date of despatch.
Shelf Life
18 months from date of despatch.

More Information

UniProt
A2SW51 Related reagents
Regulatory
For research purposes only

Applications of CD14 antibody

This product has been reported to work in the following applications. This information is derived from testing within our laboratories, peer-reviewed publications or personal communications from the originators. Please refer to references indicated for further information. For general protocol recommendations, please visit the antibody protocols page.
Application Name Verified Min Dilution Max Dilution
Flow Cytometry
Flow Cytometry 1/25 1/200
Immunofluorescence
Immunohistology - Frozen
Where this antibody has not been tested for use in a particular technique this does not necessarily exclude its use in such procedures. Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrates the antibody for use in their own system using appropriate negative/positive controls.
Where this antibody has not been tested for use in a particular technique this does not necessarily exclude its use in such procedures. Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrates the antibody for use in their own system using appropriate negative/positive controls.
Flow Cytometry
Use 10ul of the suggested working dilution to label 106 cells in 100ul.
Flow Cytometry
Use 10ul of the suggested working dilution to label 106 cells in 100ul.

Secondary Antibodies Available

Description Product Code Pack Size Applications List Price Quantity
Human anti Mouse IgG2b:FITC HCA038F 0.1 mg F
Human anti Mouse IgG2b:HRP HCA038P 0.1 mg E
Goat anti Mouse IgG (H/L):Alk. Phos. (Multi Species Adsorbed) STAR117A 0.5 mg E WB
Goat anti Mouse IgG (H/L):DyLight®488 (Multi Species Adsorbed) STAR117D488GA 0.1 mg F IF
Goat anti Mouse IgG (H/L):DyLight®549 (Multi Species Adsorbed) STAR117D549GA 0.1 mg F IF WB
Goat anti Mouse IgG (H/L):DyLight®649 (Multi Species Adsorbed) STAR117D649GA 0.1 mg F IF
Goat anti Mouse IgG (H/L):DyLight®680 (Multi Species Adsorbed) STAR117D680GA 0.1 mg F WB
Goat anti Mouse IgG (H/L):DyLight®800 (Multi Species Adsorbed) STAR117D800GA 0.1 mg F IF WB
Goat anti Mouse IgG (H/L):FITC (Multi Species Adsorbed) STAR117F 0.5 mg F
Goat anti Mouse IgG (H/L):HRP (Multi Species Adsorbed) STAR117P 0.5 mg E WB
Goat anti Mouse IgG (Fc):FITC STAR120F 1 mg C F
Goat anti Mouse IgG (Fc):HRP STAR120P 1 mg E WB
Rabbit F(ab')2 anti Mouse IgG:RPE STAR12A 1 ml F
Rabbit F(ab')2 anti Mouse IgG:HRP (Human Adsorbed) STAR13B 1 mg C E P RE WB
Goat anti Mouse IgG:FITC (Rat Adsorbed) STAR70 0.5 mg F
Goat anti Mouse IgG:RPE (Rat Adsorbed) STAR76 1 ml F
Goat anti Mouse IgG:HRP (Rat Adsorbed) STAR77 0.5 mg C E P
Goat anti Mouse IgG/A/M:Alk. Phos. STAR87A 1 mg C E WB
Goat anti Mouse IgG/A/M:HRP (Human Adsorbed) STAR87P 1 mg E
Rabbit F(ab')2 anti Mouse IgG:Dylight®800 STAR8D800GA 0.1 mg F IF WB
Rabbit F(ab')2 anti Mouse IgG:FITC STAR9B 1 mg F

Negative Isotype Controls Available

Description Product Code Pack Size Applications List Price Quantity
Mouse IgG2b Negative Control:FITC MCA691F 100 Tests F
Mouse IgG2b Negative Control MCA691 100 Tests F

Application Based External Images

Flow Cytometry

Functional Assays

Immunohistology - Frozen

Product Specific References

Source Reference

  1. Haverson, K. et al. (1994) Characterization of monoclonal antibodies specific for monocytes, macrophages and granulocytes from porcine peripheral blood and mucosal tissues.
    J Immunol Methods. 170 (2): 233-45.

References for CD14 antibody

  1. Hauet, T. et al. (2000) Trimetazidine reduces renal dysfunction by limiting the cold ischemia/reperfusion injury in autotransplanted pig kidneys.
    J Am Soc Nephrol. 11: 138-48.
  2. Thacker, E. et al. (2001) Summary of workshop findings for porcine myelomonocytic markers.
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 80 (1-2): 93-109.
  3. Singleton, H. et al. (2016) Establishing Porcine Monocyte-Derived Macrophage and Dendritic Cell Systems for Studying the Interaction with PRRSV-1.
    Front Microbiol. 7: 832.
  4. Thorgersen, E.B. et al. (2010) CD14 inhibition efficiently attenuates early inflammatory and hemostatic responses in Escherichia coli sepsis in pigs.
    FASEB J. 24: 712-22.
  5. Goujon, J.M. et al. (2000) Influence of cold-storage conditions on renal function of autotransplanted large pig kidneys.
    Kidney Int. 58: 838-50.
  6. Li, Y. et al. (2014) Identification of apoptotic cells in the thymus of piglets infected with highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus.
    Virus Res. 189: 29-33.
  7. Summerfield, A. et al. (2003) Porcine peripheral blood dendritic cells and natural interferon-producing cells.
    Immunology. 110: 440-9.
  8. Vanderheijden, N. et al. (2003) Involvement of sialoadhesin in entry of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus into porcine alveolar macrophages.
    J Virol. 77: 8207-15.
  9. Barratt-Due, A. et al. (2011) Ornithodoros moubata Complement Inhibitor Is an Equally Effective C5 Inhibitor in Pigs and Humans.
    J Immunol. 187: 4913-9.
  10. Hauet, T. et al. (2002) Polyethylene glycol reduces the inflammatory injury due to cold ischemia/reperfusion in autotransplanted pig kidneys.
    Kidney Int. 62: 654-67.
  11. Kapetanovic, R. et al. (2012) Pig bone marrow-derived macrophages resemble human macrophages in their response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide.
    J Immunol. 188: 3382-94.
  12. Thorgersen, E.B. et al. (2009) Inhibition of complement and CD14 attenuates the Escherichia coli-induced inflammatory response in porcine whole blood.
    Infect Immun. 77: 725-32.
  13. Zelnickova, P. et al. (2007) Intracellular cytokine detection by flow cytometry in pigs: fixation, permeabilization and cell surface staining.
    J Immunol Methods. 327: 18-29.
  14. Facci, M.R. et al. (2011) Stability of expression of reference genes in porcine peripheral blood mononuclear and dendritic cells.
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 141: 11-5.
  15. Koutná, I. et al. (2012) Flow Cytometry Analysis of Intracellular Protein
    In: Flow Cytometry - Recent Perspectives, Schmid, I. (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-51-
  16. Facci, M.R. et al. (2010) A comparison between isolated blood dendritic cells and monocyte-derived dendritic cells in pigs.
    Immunology. 129: 396-405.
  17. Schierack, P. et al. (2009) Effects of Bacillus cereus var. toyoi on immune parameters of pregnant sows.
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol.127: 26-37.
  18. Lundeland, B. et al. (2011) Severe gunshot injuries in a porcine model: impact on central markers of innate immunity.
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 55: 28-34.
  19. Thorgersen, E.B. et al. (2008) Cyanobacterial LPS antagonist (CyP)-a novel and efficient inhibitor of Escherichia coli LPS-induced cytokine response in the pig.
    Mol Immunol. 45: 3553-7.
  20. Schierack, P. et al. (2007) Bacillus cereus var. toyoi enhanced systemic immune response in piglets.
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 118: 1-11.
  21. Ondrackova, P. et al. (2012) Interaction of porcine neutrophils with different strains of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli.
    Vet Microbiol. 160: 108-16.
  22. Ondrackova, P. et al. (2013) Phenotypic characterisation of the monocyte subpopulations in healthy adult pigs and Salmonella-infected piglets by seven-colour flow cytometry.
    Res Vet Sci. 94 (2): 240-5.
  23. Vicenova, M. et al. (2014) Evaluation of in vitro and in vivo anti-inflammatory activity of biologically active phospholipids with anti-neoplastic potential in porcine model.
    BMC Complement Altern Med. 14: 339.
  24. Alvarez, B. et al. (2015) Phenotypic and functional heterogeneity of CD169+ and CD163+ macrophages from porcine lymph nodes and spleen.
    Dev Comp Immunol. 44: 44-9.
  25. Egge, K.H. et al. (2015) Organ inflammation in porcine Escherichia coli sepsis is markedly attenuated by combined inhibition of C5 and CD14.
    Immunobiology. 220 (8): 999-1005.
  26. Moffat, L. et al. (2014) Development and characterisation of monoclonal antibodies reactive with porcine CSF1R (CD115).
    Dev Comp Immunol. 47 (1): 123-8.
  27. Nguyen, D.N. et al. (2016) Oral antibiotics increase blood neutrophil maturation and reduce bacteremia and necrotizing enterocolitis in the immediate postnatal period of preterm pigs.
    Innate Immun. 22 (1): 51-62.
  28. Liu J et al. (2016) The Role of Porcine Monocyte Derived Dendritic Cells (MoDC) in the Inflammation Storm Caused by Streptococcus suis Serotype 2 Infection.
    PLoS One. 11 (3): e0151256.
  29. Kyrova K et al. (2014) The response of porcine monocyte derived macrophages and dendritic cells to Salmonella typhimurium and lipopolysaccharide.
    BMC Vet Res. 10: 244.
  30. Auray, G. et al. (2016) Characterization and Transcriptomic Analysis of Porcine Blood Conventional and Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells Reveals Striking Species-Specific Differences.
    J Immunol. Nov 11. pii: 1600672. [Epub ahead of print]
  31. Kavanová L et al. (2017) Concurrent infection with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and Haemophilus parasuis in two types of porcine macrophages: apoptosis, production of ROS and formation of multinucleated giant cells.
    Vet Res. 48 (1): 28.
  32. Zemankova, N. et al. (2016) Bovine lactoferrin free of lipopolysaccharide can induce a proinflammatory response of macrophages.
    BMC Vet Res. 12 (1): 251.

Further Reading

  1. Piriou-Guzylack, L. (2008) Membrane markers of the immune cells in swine: an update.
    Vet Res. 39: 54.
  2. Petersen, C.B. et al. (2007) Cloning, characterization and mapping of porcine CD14 reveals a high conservation of mammalian CD14 structure, expression and locus organization.
    Dev Comp Immunol. 31: 729-37.
  3. Sanz, G. et al. (2007) Molecular cloning, chromosomal location, and expression analysis of porcine CD14.
    Dev Comp Immunol. 31(7):738-47.