Embryonic stem cells derive from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst. They differentiate into three primary germ layers: ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm, giving rise to virtually all the cells of the body except the placenta.
Takahashi and Yamanaka found the process is reversible under certain conditions and a terminally differentiated cell can be reprogrammed into a pluripotent stem cell.
Bio-Rad offers a broad collection of antibodies useful for studying pluripotent stem cells and those in the early stages of differentiation. Click on the links below to explore our product range.