Bovine Cytokines – Interleukin 6

Detecting recombinant bovine IL-6

Bovine IL-6 ELISA

Bovine Interleukin 6

Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a cytokine with dual functionality, predominantly pro-inflammatory but also anti-inflammatory. The IL-6 family includes IL-27, IL-31, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), oncostatin M (OSM), ciliary inhibitory factor (CNTF), cardiotropin-1 (CT-1), cardiotrophin-like related cytokine and stimulating neurotrophin-1/B-cell stimulating factor 3 (NNT-1), and neuropoietin (NPN).

IL-6 has two receptor versions; the membrane bound IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) is made up of CD126 and the universally expressed gp130 (CD130). Only a few cell types have CD126 expression: hepatocytes, leukocytes and megakaryocytes. The soluble form of IL-6R captures IL-6, then binds cell surface expressed gp130. Signaling via the membrane bound IL-6R is called "classical", while the soluble stimulation pathway is referred to as trans-signaling. It has been suggested that the latter is associated with inflammatory processes.

Recent research underlines the importance of IL-6 to bovine immunity and as an animal model for infectious diseases; the prime application for IL-6 analyses is ELISA:

  • Research on bovine tuberculosis found strain differences among cattle in the levels of IL-6 secreted by monocytes infected with either live M. bovis or M. tuberculosis
  • The IL-6 secretion profile of spleen monocyte derived dendritic cells from cows naturally infected with bovine leukemia virus (BLV) was twice as high as in BLV-free controls
  • IL-6 production is a key cellular feature of cytopathic bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection

Find our anti-IL-6 antibodies and associated protein controls for your ELISA assays listed below; links to experimental data and peer-reviewed publications can be found on each datasheet.

Bovine Interleukin 6

    DescriptionSpecificityTargetFormatHostIsotypeClone Applications Citations Product Type Code Validation Types

    Further Reading:

    • Ivan E et al. (2017). Cytokine profiles of dendritic cells (DCs) during infection with bovine leukaemia virus (BLV). Pol J of Vet Sci 20(2), 221-231.
    • Schaut RG et al. (2016). Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus Type 2 Impairs Macrophage Responsiveness to Toll-Like Receptor Ligation with the Exception of Toll-Like Receptor 7. PLoS ONE 11(7), e0159491.
    • Scheller J et al. (2011). The pro- and anti-inflammatory properties of the cytokine interleukin-6. BBA - Mol Cell Res 1813(5), 878-888.
    • Tanaka T et al. (2014). IL-6 in inflammation, immunity, and disease. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol 6(10), a016295.
    • Vordermeier M et al. (2012). The influence of cattle breed on susceptibility to bovine tuberculosis in Ethiopia. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 35(3), 227-232.