Mouse anti Bovine TNF alpha antibody, clone CC328 recognizes bovine TNF alpha, a 17.5kDa cytokine, expressed by many different stimulated cell types including monocytes, macrophages, endothelial cells, fibroblasts and both T and B-lymphocytes.
The production of TNF alpha is induced by a variety of factors, dependant upon cell type and includes bacterial toxins, IL-1, PDGF, IFN-beta, NGF, Oncostatin M and viral infections. The presence of TNF alpha is responsible for diverse immunomodulatory, anti-tumour and toxic effects and under certain conditions is also capable of self-stimulation and inhibition.
N.B. Antibody reactivity and working conditions may vary between species.
Purified IgG conjugated to Biotin - liquid
Purified IgG prepared by affinity chromatography on Protein G from tissue culture supernatant
Recombinant bovine TNF alpha
Approx. Protein Concentrations
IgG concentration 1.0 mg/ml
Reagents In The Kit
Preparing The Antibody
Phosphate buffered saline
Store at +4oC or at -20oC if preferred.
This product should be stored undiluted.
Storage in frost-free freezers is not recommended. Avoid repeated freezing and thawing as this may denature the antibody. Should this product contain a precipitate we recommend microcentrifugation before use.
This product has been reported to work in the following applications. This information is derived from testing within our laboratories, peer-reviewed publications or personal communications from the originators. Please refer to references indicated for further information. For general protocol recommendations, please visit the antibody protocols page.
Where this antibody has not been tested for use in a particular technique this does not necessarily exclude its use in such procedures. It is recommended that the user titrates the antibody for use in their own system using appropriate negative/positive controls.
Use 10ul of the suggested working dilution to label 1x106 cells in 100ul.
This biotin conjugate may be used as a detection antibody in a sandwich ELISA for bovine TNF alpha in combination with MCA2334 as capture reagent. PBP005 may be used as a standard.
2. Whelan, A.O. et al. (2003) Modulation of the bovine delayed-type hypersensitivity responses to defined mycobacterial antigens by a synthetic bacterial lipopeptide.Infect Immun. 71 (11): 6420-5.
3. Guergnon J et al. (2003) A tumour necrosis factor alpha autocrine loop contributes to proliferation and nuclear factor-kappaB activation of Theileria parva-transformed B cells.Cell Microbiol. 5 (10): 709-16.
4. Kwong, L.S. et al. (2010) Production and characterization of two monoclonal antibodies to bovine tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and their cross-reactivity with ovine TNF-alpha.Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 135 (3-4): 320-4.
6. Simojoki, H. et al. (2011) Innate immune response in experimentally induced bovine intramammary infection with Staphylococcus simulans and S. epidermidis.Vet Res. 42: 49.
7. Redondo, E. et al. (2014) Induction of interleukin-8 and interleukin-12 in neonatal ovine lung following experimental inoculation of bovine respiratory syncytial virus.J Comp Pathol. 150 (4): 434-48.