Rabbit anti Human PAK2 antibody recognizes p21-activated kinase-2 (PAK2), a ubiquitously expressed, ~64 kDa, serine/threonine protease found at higher levels in skeletal muscle, ovary, thymus and spleen. p21-activated kinases (PAKs) bind activated Cdc42 and Rac via a Cdc42/Rac interactive binding (CRIB) domain. Group 1 PAK kinases (PAK1, 2 and 3) regulate the activity of an adjacent conserved autoinhibitory domain and are associated with cellular processes, including cytoskeleton rearrangement, apoptosis and MAP kinase signalling. Group 2 PAKs (PAK4, 5, and 6) lack the autoinhibitory domain and are not activated by Cdc42/Rac binding.
PAK2 has a cytostatic effect on cells and is activated in response to cellular stresses such hyperosmolarity, serum starvation, contact inhibition and DNA damage from radiation and chemicals. Unlike other PAKs, PAK2 can be activated by proteolytic cleavage to generate a constitutively active fragment, PAK2p34, which induces a cell death response. This induction is thought to be regulated by Rho GTPase-activating protein 10 which inhibits the protein kinase activity of PAK2p34 and causes it to localise to the perinuclear region instead of the nucleus. PAK2 may also play a role in X-linked mental retardation.
- Target Species
- Species Cross-Reactivity
|Target Species||Cross Reactivity|
- N.B. Antibody reactivity and working conditions may vary between species.
- Product Form
- Purified IgG - liquid
- Antiserum Preparation
- Antisera to human PAK2 were raised by repeated immunisations of rabbits with highly purified antigen. Purified IgG prepared by affinity chromatography.
- Buffer Solution
- Phosphate buffered saline
- Preservative Stabilisers
- 14 amino acid peptide sequence near the carboxy terminus of human PAK2.
- Approx. Protein Concentrations
- IgG concentration 1.0mg/ml
- Store at +4oC or at -20oC if preferred.
Storage in frost-free freezers is not recommended.
This product should be stored undiluted. Avoid repeated freezing and thawing as this may denature the antibody. Should this product contain a precipitate we recommend microcentrifugation before use.
- 18 months from date of despatch.
- Entrez Gene
- GO Terms
protein serine/threonine kinase activity
negative regulation of protein kinase activity
cellular component disassembly involved in apoptosis
identical protein binding
regulation of apoptosis
protein kinase binding
protein tyrosine kinase activator activity
T cell costimulation
regulation of growth
interspecies interaction between organisms
perinuclear region of cytoplasm
regulation of defense response to virus by virus
positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation
T cell receptor signaling pathway
- For research purposes only
This product has been reported to work in the following applications. This information is derived from testing within our laboratories, peer-reviewed publications or personal communications from the originators. Please refer to references indicated for further information. For general protocol recommendations, please visit the antibody protocols page.
Applications of PAK2 antibody
|Immunohistology - Paraffin 1
- 1 This product requires antigen retrieval using heat treatment prior to staining of paraffin sections. Sodium citrate buffer pH 6.0 is recommended for this purpose.
Where this antibody has not been tested for use in a particular technique this does not necessarily exclude its use in such procedures. Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrates the antibody for use in their own system using appropriate negative/positive controls.
- Western Blotting
- AHP1191 detects a band of approximately 58kDa in Jurkat cell lysates.
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Secondary Antibodies Available
Useful Reagents Available