Dynorphin A antibody

100% Secure

Rabbit anti Human Dynorphin A (aa1-17)

Product Type
Polyclonal Antibody
Isotype
Polyclonal IgG
Product CodeApplicationsDatasheetMSDSPack SizeList PriceQuantity
AHP373 C P* R 0.1 ml
Rabbit anti Human dynorphin A antibody recognizes the opioid peptide dynorphin A (Fischli et al. 1982), a cleavage product of big dynorphin, itself derived from the precursor pro-encephalin-B, also known as preprodynorphin. Rabbit anti human dynorphin A antibody binds to both dynorphin A 1-17 and 1-8 but not with other big dynorphin cleavage products such as dynorphin B, also known as rimorphin.

Dynorphin A immunoreactive cells are found in the paraventricular and supraoptic nucleus and in hippocampal mossy fibers of rat brain following kainic acid administration and colchicine induced neurotoxicity (McGinty et al. 1983). Dynorphins play a role in multiple physiologic processes including pain perception (Wang et al. 2001)and responses to stress (Rácz et al. 2013). They mimic and compete with a number of opiate drugs(Chavkin 2013). Dysregulation of dynorphin A expression has been linked to progression of neurodegenerative conditions such as Altzheimer’s disease (Yakovleva et al. 2007) and appears to play a significant role in the pathobiology of epilepsy (Loacker et al. 2007).

Rabbit anti human dynorphin antibody has been used successfully for the immunohistochemical demonstration of ‘mossy fibre’ sprouting in hippocampal sclerosis (Thom et al. 2009) and in a virally induced disease model in the rat (Solbrig et al. 2006).

Product Details

Target Species
Human
Species Cross-Reactivity
Target SpeciesCross Reactivity
Pig
Rat
Rhesus Monkey
N.B. Antibody reactivity and working conditions may vary between species.
Product Form
Serum - liquid
Antiserum Preparation
Antisera to Dynorphin A 1-17 were raised by repeated immunisation of rabbits with highly purified antigen. Whole serum is supplied - diluted.
Buffer Solution
Phosphate buffered saline
Preservative Stabilisers
0.09%Sodium Azide
0.1%Bovine Serum Albumin
Immunogen
Dynorphin A 1-17: Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Leu-Arg-Arg-Ile-Arg-Pro-Lys-Leu-Lys-Trp-Asp-Asn-Gln (porcine)

Storage Information

Storage
Store at +4oC or at -20oC if preferred.

This product should be stored undiluted.

Storage in frost free freezers is not recommended. Avoid repeated freezing and thawing as this may denature the antibody. Should this product contain a precipitate we recommend microcentrifugation before use.
Shelf Life
18 months from date of despatch.

More Information

UniProt
P01213 Related reagents
Entrez Gene
PDYN Related reagents
GO Terms
GO:0005886 plasma membrane
GO:0001515 opioid peptide activity
GO:0005576 extracellular region
GO:0007218 neuropeptide signaling pathway
GO:0007268 synaptic transmission
Regulatory
For research purposes only

Applications of Dynorphin A antibody

This product has been reported to work in the following applications. This information is derived from testing within our laboratories, peer-reviewed publications or personal communications from the originators. Please refer to references indicated for further information. For general protocol recommendations, please visit the antibody protocols page.
Application Name Verified Min Dilution Max Dilution
Immunohistology - Frozen 1/100 1/1500
Immunohistology - Paraffin 1
Radioimmunoassays 1/10,000
  1. 1This product requires antigen retrieval using heat treatment prior to staining of paraffin sections.Sodium citrate buffer pH 6.0 is recommended for this purpose.

    Overnight incubation is recommended for paraffin sections.
Where this antibody has not been tested for use in a particular technique this does not necessarily exclude its use in such procedures. Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrates the antibody for use in their own system using appropriate negative/positive controls.

Secondary Antibodies Available

Description Product Code Pack Size Applications List Price Quantity
Sheep anti Rabbit IgG:Biotin 2AB02B 1 ml C E P WB
Goat anti Rabbit IgG (Fc):Biotin STAR121B 1 mg E WB
Goat anti Rabbit IgG (Fc):FITC STAR121F 1 mg F
Goat anti Rabbit IgG (Fc):HRP STAR121P 1 mg E WB
Goat anti Rabbit IgG (H/L):HRP STAR124P 1 mg C E WB
Sheep anti Rabbit IgG:FITC STAR34B 1 mg C F
Sheep anti Rabbit IgG:RPE STAR35A 1 ml F
Sheep anti Rabbit IgG:DyLight®488 STAR36D488GA 0.1 mg F IF WB
Sheep anti Rabbit IgG:DyLight®549 STAR36D549GA 0.1 mg F IF
Sheep anti Rabbit IgG:DyLight®649 STAR36D649GA 0.1 mg F IF
Sheep anti Rabbit IgG:DyLight®680 STAR36D680GA 0.1 mg F IF WB
Sheep anti Rabbit IgG:Dylight®800 STAR36D800GA 0.1 mg F IF WB

Application Based External Images

Immunofluorescence

Immunohistology - Paraffin

Product Specific References

References for Dynorphin A antibody

  1. Khachaturian, H. et al. (1985) Prodynorphin peptide immunocytochemistry in rhesus monkey brain.
    Peptides. 6 Suppl 2: 155-66.
  2. Sherman, T.G. et al. (1988) Regulation of hypothalamic magnocellular neuropeptides and their mRNAs in the Brattleboro rat: coordinate responses to further osmotic challenge.
    J Neurosci. 8 (10): 3785-96.
  3. Zardetto-smith, A.M. et al. (1988) Lateral hypothalamic dynorphinergic efferents to the amygdala and brainstem in the rat.
    Peptides. 9 (5): 1121-7.
  4. Beck, H. et al. (2000) Synaptic plasticity in the human dentate gyrus.
    J Neurosci. 20 (18): 7080-6.
  5. Thom, M. et al. (2009) Bilateral reorganization of the dentate gyrus in hippocampal sclerosis: a postmortem study.
    Neurology. 73: 1033-40.
  6. Solbrig, M.V. et al. (2006) Kappa opioid control of seizures produced by a virus in an animal model.
    Brain. 129: 642-54.
  7. Jeub, M. et al. (1999) Loss of dynorphin-mediated inhibition of voltage-dependent Ca2+ currents in hippocampal granule cells isolated from epilepsy patients is associated with mossy fiber sprouting.
    Neuroscience. 94: 465-71.
  8. Beck, H. et al. (2000) Synaptic plasticity in the human dentate gyrus.
    J Neurosci. 20: 7080-6.
  9. Knapp, P.E. et al. (2001) Endogenous opioids and oligodendroglial function: possible autocrine/paracrine effects on cell survival and development.
    Glia. 35: 156-65.
  10. Dougherty, K.J. et al. (2009) Phenotypic Diversity and Expression of GABAergic Inhibitory Interneurons During Postnatal Development in Lumbar Spinal Cord of GAD67-GFP Mice.
    Neuroscience. 163: 909-19.