CD14 antibody | TÜK4
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|Mouse anti human CD14 antibody, clone TÜK4 recognizes the human CD14 cell surface antigen. CD14 is a ~55 kDa glycoprotein that contains multiple leucine-rich repeats. It is anchored to the cell membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) linkage (Simmons et al. 1989), a soluble form of CD14 also exists (Bazil et al. 1986).
CD14 is strongly expressed on the surface of monocytes and macrophages but has also been shown to be expressed on the surface of non-myeloid cells (Jersmann 2005). CD14 functions as a pattern recognition receptor (Pugin et al. 1994, Dziarski et al. 1998) in innate immunity for a variety of ligands, in particular for the LPS (endotoxin) of Gram-negative bacteria.
Mouse anti human CD14 antibody, clone TÜK4 has been shown to block SDF-induced chemotaxis of U937 cells in a dose –dependent manner (Yang et al. 2003). Use of the anti-human CD14 antibody, Low Endotoxin format is recommended for this purpose.
- Target Species
- Species Cross-Reactivity
Target Species Cross Reactivity Dog Goat Cat Rabbit Mink Bovine Pig Sheep Cynomolgus monkey Llama
- N.B. Antibody reactivity and working conditions may vary between species.
- Product Form
- Purified IgG conjugated to StarBright Blue 700 - liquid
- Purified IgG prepared by affinity chromatography on Protein A from tissue culture supernatant
- Buffer Solution
- Phosphate buffered saline
- Preservative Stabilisers
- 0.09% Sodium Azide (NaN3)
1% Bovine Serum Albumin
0.1% Pluronic F68
0.1% PEG 3350
0.05% Tween 20
- Max Ex/Em
Fluorophore Excitation Max (nm) Emission Max (nm) StarBright Blue 700 470 700
- For research purposes only
- 12 months from date of despatch
- This product is covered by U.S. Patent No. 10,150,841 and related U.S. and foreign counterparts
This product should be stored undiluted.
|Application Name||Verified||Min Dilution||Max Dilution|
- Flow Cytometry
- Use 5ul of the suggested working dilution to label 106 cells in 100ul. Best practices suggest a 5 minutes centrifugation at 6,000g prior to sample application.
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References for CD14 antibody
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Willett, B.J. et al. (2003) Expression of CXCR4 on feline peripheral blood mononuclear cells: effect of feline immunodeficiency virus infection.
J Virol. 77 (1): 709-12.
Soell, M. et al. (1995) Activation of human monocytes by streptococcal rhamnose glucose polymers is mediated by CD14 antigen, and mannan binding protein inhibits TNF-alpha release.
J Immunol. 154 (2): 851-60.
Bryan, S.A. et al. (2002) Responses of leukocytes to chemokines in whole blood and their antagonism by novel CC-chemokine receptor 3 antagonists.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 165: 1602-9.
Weiss, D.J. (2001) Evaluation of proliferative disorders in canine bone marrow by use of flow cytometric scatter plots and monoclonal antibodies.
Vet Pathol. 38: 512-8.
Gupta, V.K. et al. (1996) Identification of the sheep homologue of the monocyte cell surface molecule--CD14.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 51 (1-2): 89-99.
Sopp, P. & Howard, C.J. (1997) Cross-reactivity of monoclonal antibodies to defined human leucocyte differentiation antigens with bovine cells.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 56 (1-2): 11-25.
Xiong, W. et al. (2010) Human Flt3L generates dendritic cells from canine peripheral blood precursors: implications for a dog glioma clinical trial.
PLoS One. 5: e11074.
View The Latest Product References
Werling, D. et al. (1998) Analysis of the phenotype and phagocytic activity of monocytes/macrophages from cattle infected with the bovine leukaemia virus.
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Yang, H. et al. (2003) Antibody to CD14 like CXCR4-specific antibody 12G5 could inhibit CXCR4-dependent chemotaxis and HIV Env-mediated cell fusion.
Immunol Lett. 88 (1): 27-30.
Yoshino, N. et al. (2000) Upgrading of flow cytometric analysis for absolute counts, cytokines and other antigenic molecules of cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) by using anti-human cross-reactive antibodies.
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Jacobsen, C.N. et al. (1993) Reactivities of 20 anti-human monoclonal antibodies with leucocytes from ten different animal species.
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Martel, C.J. & Aasted, B. (2009) Characterization of antibodies against ferret immunoglobulins, cytokines and CD markers.
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Dalli J et al. (2008) Annexin 1 mediates the rapid anti-inflammatory effects of neutrophil-derived microparticles.
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Lybeck, K.R. et al. (2009) Neutralization of interleukin-10 from CD14(+) monocytes enhances gamma interferon production in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis-infected goats.
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Ferret-Bernard, S. et al. (2010) Cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the strong neonatal IL-12 response of lamb mesenteric lymph node cells to R-848.
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Fulton, B.E. Jr. et al. (2006) Dissemination of bovine leukemia virus-infected cells from a newly infected sheep lymph node.
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Willett, B.J. et al. (2007) Probing the interaction between feline immunodeficiency virus and CD134 by using the novel monoclonal antibody 7D6 and the CD134 (Ox40) ligand.
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Kallapur, S.G. et al. (2011) Pulmonary and systemic inflammatory responses to intra-amniotic IL-1α in fetal sheep.
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 301 (3): L285-95.
Lund, H. et al. (2016) Transient Migration of Large Numbers of CD14(++) CD16(+) Monocytes to the Draining Lymph Node after Onset of Inflammation.
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Krueger, L.A. et al. (2016) Gamma delta T cells are early responders to Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis in colostrum-replete Holstein calves.
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Gelain, M.E. et al. (2014) CD44 in canine leukemia: analysis of mRNA and protein expression in peripheral blood.
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Schaut, R.G. et al. (2015) Bovine viral diarrhea virus type 2 in vivo infection modulates TLR4 responsiveness in differentiated myeloid cells which is associated with decreased MyD88 expression.
Virus Res. 208: 44-55.
Westover, A.J. et al. (2016) An Immunomodulatory Device Improves Insulin Resistance in Obese Porcine Model of Metabolic Syndrome.
J Diabetes Res. 2016: 3486727.
Pomeroy, B. et al. (2017) Counts of bovine monocyte subsets prior to calving are predictive for postpartum occurrence of mastitis and metritis.
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Gibson, A.J. et al. (2016) Differential macrophage function in Brown Swiss and Holstein Friesian cattle.
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Martini, V. et al. (2018) Flow cytometry for feline lymphoma: a retrospective study regarding pre-analytical factors possibly affecting the quality of samples.
J Feline Med Surg. 20 (6): 494-501.
Novacco, M. et al. (2016) Prognostic factors in canine acute leukaemias: a retrospective study.
Vet Comp Oncol. 14 (4): 409-16.
Feng, P.H. et al. (2018) S100A9+ MDSC and TAM-mediated EGFR-TKI resistance in lung adenocarcinoma: the role of RELB.
Oncotarget. 9 (7): 7631-43.
Higgins, J.L. et al. (2018) Cell mediated immune response in goats after experimental challenge with the virulent Brucella melitensis strain 16M and the reduced virulence strain Rev. 1.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 202: 74-84.
Penadés, M. et al. (2020) Early deviations in performance, metabolic and immunological indicators affect stayability in rabbit females.
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Schwarz, E.R. et al. (2020) Experimental Infection of Mid-Gestation Pregnant Female and Intact Male Sheep with Zika Virus.
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Tuohy, J.L. et al. (2020) Immune dysregulation and osteosarcoma: Staphylococcus aureus. downregulates TGF-β and heightens the inflammatory signature in human and canine macrophages suppressed by osteosarcoma.
Vet Comp Oncol. 18 (1): 64-75.
Sipka, A.S. et al. (2020) The effect of ex vivo. lipopolysaccharide stimulation and nutrient availability on transition cow innate immune cell AKT/mTOR pathway responsiveness.
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Lessard, M. et al. (2018) Piglet weight gain during the first two weeks of lactation influences the immune system development.
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Moncada-Saucedo, N.K. et al. (2019) A Bioactive Cartilage Graft of IGF1-Transduced Adipose Mesenchymal Stem Cells Embedded in an Alginate/Bovine Cartilage Matrix Tridimensional Scaffold.
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Muñoz-Silvestre, A. et al. (2020) Pathogenesis of Intradermal Staphylococcal Infections: Rabbit Experimental Approach to Natural Staphylococcus aureus Skin Infections.
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Park, D.S. et al. (2021) Dynamic changes in blood immune cell composition and function in Holstein and Jersey steers in response to heat stress.
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Risalde, M.A. et al. (2020) BVDV permissiveness and lack of expression of co-stimulatory molecules on PBMCs from calves pre-infected with BVDV.
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Kolar, Q.K. et al. (2020) Anatomical distribution of respiratory tract leukocyte cell subsets in neonatal calves.
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Riccardo, F. et al. (2022) Antigen mimicry as an effective strategy to induce CSPG4-targeted immunity in dogs with oral melanoma: a veterinary trial.
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Simmons, D. L. et al. (1989) Monocyte antigen CD14 is a phospholipid anchored membrane protein.
Bazil, V. et al. (1986) Biochemical characterization of a soluble form of the 53-kDa monocyte surface antigen.
Eur J Immunol. 16:1583-9.
Jersmann, H.P. (2005) Time to abandon dogma: CD14 is expressed by non-myeloid lineage cells.
Immunol Cell Biol. 83:462-7.
Pugin, J. et al. (1994) CD14 is a pattern recognition receptor.
Dziarski, R. et al. (1998) Binding of bacterial peptidoglycan to CD14.
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- Entrez Gene
- GO Terms
- GO:0005886 plasma membrane
- GO:0001530 lipopolysaccharide binding
- GO:0001847 opsonin receptor activity
- GO:0006915 apoptosis
- GO:0006909 phagocytosis
- GO:0006954 inflammatory response
- GO:0008063 Toll signaling pathway
- GO:0031225 anchored to membrane
- GO:0016019 peptidoglycan receptor activity
- View More GO Terms
- GO:0032760 positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor production
- GO:0045087 innate immune response
- GO:0070891 lipoteichoic acid binding
- GO:0071222 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide
- GO:0071223 cellular response to lipoteichoic acid
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